Everything you need to about the Black Fungus
What is Black Fungus?
Black fungus or mucormycosis is a rare fungal infection that is rapidly spreading among people suffering from Covid-19 in India. It is caused by a group of fungi called the mucormycetes commonly found in the environment, particularly in soil and damp compost.
People with mucormycosis may develop the following symptoms:
- Chest pain
- Redness around the eye
- Blackened skin tissue
- Jaw pain
- Loosening of teeth
If any of the above-mentioned symptoms are observed, immediately inform the doctor. One can buy medicines online in India for black fungus treatment.
What are the factors responsible for the sudden surge of black fungus in India?
The fungus causing mucormycosis thrives in moist and humid environments. The ventilators used for treating people with Covid-19 provide the perfect moist and humid atmosphere for the fungus to grow and affect the individual.
- Unhygienic treatment wards:
The treatment wards in several hospitals across India are unhygienic and not appropriately maintained; these unsanitary conditions increase the risk of developing infections. Moreover, the oxygen supply shortage for Covid-19 patients has led to the usage of unfiltered industrial oxygen. These oxygen cylinders may consist of contaminated water or gas, thereby leading to the development of black fungus.
- Overuse of steroids:
Another major cause for the spread of black fungus is the overuse of steroids in Covid-19 patients that may cause a spike in their sugar levels and hence making them more susceptible to the infection.
- Diabetic patients and people with low immunity:
People suffering from diabetes and illnesses such as AIDS, cancer, or chronic kidney disease may possess low levels of immunity. Additionally, Covid-19 medications act as immunosuppressants and further cause the sugar levels to jump. The high sugar level coupled with low immunity may act as a catalyst for the infection and increase its spread.
What are the treatment options for black fungus?
Mucormycosis is highly fatal and requires immediate hospitalization. Early diagnosis may help cure the infection faster; its treatment involves using antifungal medications that are administered intravenously.
Amphotericin-B is the most commonly used medicine for severe fungal infections. Patients are given Amphotericin-B for up to four to six weeks depending on the severity of the condition. You can buy medicines online in India or visit your nearest pharmacy for more information.
Surgery to remove the infected tissue may also be required to remove the narcotic/blackened area on the skin. A consultation from a team of infectious diseases specialist, ENT specialist, dentist, ophthalmologist, and neurologist may be needed in extremely severe cases.
Black fungus or mucormycosis is a serious and life-threatening disease. If one is diagnosed with Covid-19, ensure that proper hygiene is maintained in the ward. Further, consult the doctor if suffering from diabetes or any other health conditions beforehand. Try to avoid overusing steroids and consult a doctor immediately if any signs or symptoms of black fungus develop.
To read more on black fungus in Covid-19 patients or healthcare, visit StayHappi.